Snake Control / Exclusion Service
Birmingham, AL area boasts an abundant and rich wildlife. Snakes make up a large share of the local fauna and are an important part of our ecosystem. There are many species of snake in Alabama, a few of which are poisonous and can present a danger to humans. If snakes are found on your property, they need to be caught and physically moved to a safe location by a professional. Considering a large number of poisonous snakes in the area, it is strongly advised that you do not attempt to deal with the problem yourself.
Pinkish, russet, or orange-brown in color with a black end of the tail. Copperhead has dark-brown or reddish hourglass-shaped crossbands that are narrow on the back and wide on the sides. The top of the head is yellowish or coppery-red, hence the name Copperhead. This snake has a triangular-shaped head and measures on average 2-3 feet long, some can be as long as 4 feet. Copperhead is the least dangerous of Alabama's venomous snakes.
Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
This is the most dangerous venomous snake in Alabama. It is most common in the southern part of the state but can be found throughout. This snake gets its name from the diamond-shaped pattern of skin. Its coloring ranges from olive green to dark brown. Eastern Diamondback has a triangular head with whitish stripes on each side. These snakes average 3.5 - 5.5 feet in length but can reach 8 feet.
Cottonmouth can often be mistaken for a harmless water snake. It can be identified by its heavy triangular head with facial pits, elliptical pupils, and less prominent eyes that have a dark stripe behind them. It is olive or dark brown in color with darker crossbands. The tail is black. Cottonmouth is an aggressive snake and will stand its ground instead of trying to escape. The interior of the mouth is white, which explains the name. These snakes can reach 6 feet in length, but average 30-45 inches.
Pigmy rattlesnakes are rather small species of snakes as their name indicates. The average length of an adult pigmy rattlesnake is 15-22 inches with larger ones reaching 31 inches. The color of their skin can vary from light gray or dark-gray to tan or reddish-orange. Pigmy rattlesnake can be recognized by an orange mid-line stripe that runs along its back. It has five rows of short dark crossbands. The rattle on the end of its tail may be hard to see.
Timber or Canebrake Rattlesnake
This is a large heavy-bodied snake with a rattle on the end of its tail. Adult snakes can reach 6 feet in length although most average between 3 and 4 feet. They range from gray to brown in color and have a yellow, rusty, or orange stripe running down the middle of their back. These rattlesnakes have black chevrons on the back and sides. Their tail is solid black. There are no stripes on the sides of the head.